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A Brief Guide to Map Elements

The Oxford English Dictionary Online defines a map in this way:

A drawing or other representation of the earth's surface or a part of it made on a flat surface, showing the distribution of physical or geographical features (and often also including socio-economic, political, agricultural, meteorological, etc., information), with each point in the representation corresponding to an actual geographical position according to a fixed scale or projection; a similar representation of the positions of stars in the sky, the surface of a planet, or the like. Also: a plan of the form or layout of something, as a route, a building, etc.

This brief guide will review the most common map elements, how they are useful in 'reading' a map, and provides examples from the maps in the collection.