Cartographie de la découverte et du développement de l’Île-du-Prince-Édouard

Ce guide explore la "découverte" et le développement de l’Île-du-Prince-Édouard à travers la cartographie.

Aucun homme n’est une île, un tout, complet en soit;

tout homme est un fragment du continent, une partie de l’ensemble. 

(Meditation XVII, Devotions upon Emergent Occasions, 1624)

John Donne (1572-1631)


The geography of an island is definitely something unique. Despite the words of poet John Donne, are usually estimated as special and distinct places, separated from the rest of the world. Surrounded by water, they give a sense of isolation to their residents, while creating an air of mystery. By definition, they have, until modern times, prescribes the need for visitors arriving by sea islands have often been seen as natural fortresses that are easily defended. Residents of islands are the guardians against threats to their independence and their sense of security.

Whenwe trace the history of Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island as seen through the eyes of explorers and cartographers, we discover a rich heritage. These archives provide us with a map look at the development of our province over time. This by starting with the early exploration and the arrival of the French, then the acquisition of the Island by the British, and ending with the confederation of the island as a province of Canada, the cards can be tools to help us instructive better understand our history.

The first exploration of Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island as we know it is the voyage of Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) who sailed from St. Malo, France April 20, 1534. Delivered in June, Cartier came to the coasts of the island. It may be that Cartier did not realize he had discovered an island. He described it as "a land that seems to be two hands." He just rounded the northern tip of what we now call the Prince County. What he called the Cape Orleans is today Cape Kildare's River Boats is rather Malpeque Bay and Richmond Bay and Cape Indians and now North Cape.

Map of Accad and Pais Voisins to serve the general history of Travel: By Mbinga Navy  (1757)

The geography of the island has confused many for over 230 years. Site maps made by the discoveries of Cartier and subsequent explorers have varied shapes and sizes and sometimes were not well located relative to other places, and from time to time we do not even take the trouble of indicate. French colonization began in 1720 that would provide clarification to some extent, but the detailed survey did not take place before the British colonization.


Eastern part of New France or Canada with the Island of Newfoundland and New Scotland Canada: and New. England represented to River St. Laurence T. CONR. Lotter and writer Geoge Augsburg (1762)

Read the article  Jacques Cartier's first voyage and The Landing at Cascumpec  by AE Burke, published in the October 1899 of Prince Edward Island Magazine.